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How Do Electric Cars Work?

Electric Cars and How They Work

Hybrid electric cars have gained their share of popularity among people around the world in recent years. Thanks to a raised awareness on the harmful effects of fossil fuel on the environment, car makers have found ways to contribute to the green movement. But just because they’re hybrid, hybrid-electric, or all electric doesn’t mean they can’t be as efficient as their original counterparts.

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Hybrid cars combine two power sources to make them run, mainly electricity and and an alternate fuel such as ethanol alcohol or plant fuel, diesel or most often gasoline. As you may know, hybrid-electrics get better mileage unlike the standard automobile. So how do electric vehicles compare to hybrids?
How electric cars will work

To understand 100% electric cars, it helps to know a little about hybrid-electrics.

A "hybrid car" makes use of batteries and an electric motor as well as an engine fueled by gasoline. Because of the presence of two power sources, it has the ability to gain higher mileage and at the same time reduce emissions. With these two, one complements the other for increased efficiency. Combining two power sources can be done through parallel hybrid or series hybrid.
Hybrid gasoline-electric cars are made of several major components such as the gasoline engine, fuel tank, electric motor, generator, batteries, transmission. The car engine is normally smaller than the regular car but is more advanced that it can lower emissions and improve fuel efficiency. The electric motor also uses advanced technology that it can function as both a motor and a generator.

Surprisingly, one component that makes a hybrid car more efficient than non-hybrids is the gasoline engine. Having a smaller engine is an advantage as it contains parts that are lightweight and the cylinders are lesser in number as well. Having a lightweight engine enables the car to use less energy during acceleration and uphill running and with smaller and fewer cylinders, less fuel is therefore used up.

Where does the power of hybrids and electric vehicles come from?

You may be wondering how a car with a small engine be as powerful as the regular automobiles on the road. The answer goes back to the existence of the hybrid drivetrain’s two power sources that support each other. In other words, when a hybrid electric car needs to run faster than normal or say, go on a steep hill, it gets assistance from the electric motor and its batteries that provide additional power.
Fuel efficiency is the essence of a hybrid or electric car. This is achieved through regenerative braking. What this means is that when the brakes of a hybrid car are used, some of the lost energy is stored in the battery for later use. In stopping the car, the electric motor can also do it alone instead of the brakes. In this instance, the electric motor functions as a generator and charges the batteries while the car slows down.

Fuel use can be reduced as well through engine shut off. A hybrid car has two power sources and so it does not need to use the engine most of the time. In the middle of a traffic jam, it can turn off its gasoline engine. Another way a hybrid car promotes fuel efficiency is through the use of special tires that have higher air pressure to reduce drag.With its many benefits to man and the environment, there’s a big possibility that today's hybrid cars will be the link to the all electric cars of the future.

Unlike our traditional vehicles, and hybrids, electric cars are powered by an electric motor in place of a gas engine. The electric engine gets its power from a controller, while the controller gains its power from rechargeable batteries. Unlike the sedans, trucks, vans, and SUV's we drive today - the efficiency of electric cars is measured in Cost Per Mile. For a more detailed description of how electric cars work, follow this link. You might also search for Who Killed The Electric Car.

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